In fact it is written in the nine? Yet the providing of drugs to the four million had non been a scheme released by President Mbeki, when other schemes were given on October 24,
The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare donates that the epidemic has caused and is continuing to cause untold suffering among those infected with the virus and among those otherwise affected by the epidemic.
The epidemic also has pervasive impact on society and economy. AIDS affects all socio-economic groups and all sectors, ranging from impoverished subsistence farmers, informal sector workers, domestic workers and unskilled factory workers to top managers, professionals, civil servants and Jackson, The paper attempts to discuss how HIV and AIDS have influenced negatively on health, agriculture and food security, education, economy and just to mention a few.
The most affected households are heavily dependent on agriculture. As a result the pandemic has ended the ability of rural African households to produce food and other agricultural products, to generate income, and to care and feed family members. Parker, Jacobsen and Komwa assert that while prevalence rates have declined over time in some regions, and while availability of antiretrival drugs ARVs has reduced the effects of infection in communities where ARVs are widely available, recent studies have shown that the pandemic continues to exert significant negative economic and social effects in affected areas.
Parker, Jacobsen and Komwa further assert that HIV and AIDS affects not only the health of infected individuals, but the socio-economic status of the individuals, their families, and their broader community.
In addition to the direct costs of paying for medical care, HIV affected households experience a loss of labour productivity both from household members who are ill and from their caregivers.
Furthermore Parker, Jacobsen and Komwa argues that in rural areas where farming is the primary source of income and food, decreases in household labor supply can lead directly to reductions in the nutritional status of all household members.
Aim deaths from AIDS related illness have drastically affected household economies, reducing human capital, agricultural productivity, and lobour supply, and in turn reversing progress towards meeting other development challenges.
Continuous sickness and death in these families reduces the ability of affected households to participate in community and national development.
Shocks to households and communities from disease events such as AIDS can reverse development progress, threatening the social and economic sustainability of these systems Parker, Jacobsen and Konwa, HIV and AIDS epidemic adds to reduction in agricultural production and food insecurity, as agricultural work is neglected or abandoned due to household illness.
As in other Sub-Saharan Africa countries, it was generally found that the death of a male reduced to production of cash crops such as coffee, tea and sugar while the death of a feme reduced the production of grain and other crops necessary for household survival.
The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare points out thatthe chronic illness that accompany deteroration of the immune system deplete household assets, reduce labour, and lead to reduced crop production. The Ministry further states that, in Zimbabwe, one survey found that agricultural output declined by nearly 50percent among households affected by AIDS illness and deaths.
Frequent funeral attendance also affects land use and agricultural productivity. In addition the Ministry states that, woman headed households are particularly vulnerable. This vulnerability is especially important because women in rural areas are 1: This situation negatively affects agricultural production because women provide the bulk of agricultural labour.
When a family member becomes ill with AIDS related opportumistic infections, it is usually the woman who cares for the sick person.
Furthermore the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare argue that admit deaths from AIDS often lead to a loss of traditional knowledge of agricultural practices.
Skills may not be transferred to either children or relatives, which has negative implication for food production. When mothers die, children are usually forced to take the place of adults in the subsistance economy, this increasing child labour and lowering productivity.
Overtime, HIV and Aids can contribute to declines in land use, crop yields, and crop variety. First, there is a toll on the agricultural labour force.
FAO estimated that in the 27 most affected countries in Africa, 7 million agricultural workers have died from AIDS sinceand 16 million more deaths are likely in the next two decades. In the most effected countries which include Nambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa and just to mention a few, labour force diseases ranging from 10 — 26 percent are anticipated.
Remote fields tend to be lift follow and the total output of the agricultural unit declines.
Switching from labour intensive crops to less demanding ones has been observed, animal husbandry and livestock production may decline, post — production, food storage and processing are in period, a breakdown in support services occurs as staff fall ill, and credit for agricultural production may be diverted for the medical care of sick relatives, funeral expenses and food.
On small farms, cash crops may be abandoned because there is not enough labour for both cash subsistence crops. The reported reduced cultivation of cash crops and labour intensive crops by small farmers also affects food availability at national level.
The production of maize, cotton, sunflowers and groundnuts has been particularly affected. According to the Ministry of Health and Child Welfarethe health sector is hit particularly herd by the epidemic.
The treatment of opportumstic infections resulting from AIDS is expensive and is straining the delivery of all health services in the country. Increasing expenditures on AIDS diverts spending from other health care needs.
Health providers are also affected.
Some become infected themselves and large numbers suffer from the intense physical and emotional strain of dealing with AIDS patients.
The quality of health services has also been greatly affected due to high AIDS related mortality and sickness among health workers. In addition, the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare argues that the epidemic also affects the sector in other ways. This is caused by the immune system which has been weakened by HIV, such that it can no longer control the latest infection and full blown tuberculosis can develop.
Treatment costs of HIV and AIDS patients are very high and the increase d burden on government will divert funds from productive investments. Moreover, Avert argues that taking care of a person sick with Aids is not only an emotional strain for household members, but also a major strain on household resources.HIV-AIDS in Africa Shelby May H – The World in the Twentieth Century II Professor Machado April 3, Word Count: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS, has become one of the world’s most serious health and development challenges; “more than 25 million people have died of AIDS worldwide since the first cases were reported in ”.1 HIV is much like.
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The AIDS crisis in Africa has become an enormous problem that cannot and should not be ignored. Out of all of the people in the world with AIDS, at least one third reside in Africa/5(9).
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