Productive functions and forest resources Protective functions of forest resources Socio-economic functions Legal, policy and institutional framework. This consensus on common thematic areas or criteria effectively provides a common, implicit definition of sustainable forest management. The seven thematic areas were acknowledged by the international forest community at the fourth session of the United Nations Forum on Forests and the 16th session of the Committee on Forestry. The CBD definition of the Ecosystem Approach and a set of principles for its application were developed at an expert meeting in Malawi inknown as the Malawi Principles.
Productive functions and forest resources Protective functions of forest resources Socio-economic functions Legal, policy and institutional framework. This consensus on common thematic areas or criteria effectively provides a common, implicit definition of sustainable forest management.
The seven thematic areas were acknowledged by the international forest community at the fourth session of the United Nations Forum on Forests and the 16th session of the Committee on Forestry.
The CBD definition of the Ecosystem Approach and a set of principles for its application were developed at an expert meeting in Malawi inknown as the Malawi Principles. The CBD definition is as follows The ecosystem approach is a strategy for the integrated management of land, water and living resources that promotes conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way.
Application of the ecosystem approach will help to reach a balance of the three objectives of the Convention. An ecosystem approach is based on the application of appropriate scientific methodologies focused on levels of biological organization, which encompasses the essential structures, processes, functions and interactions among organisms and their environment.
It recognizes that humans, with their cultural diversityare an integral component of many ecosystems. The two concepts, sustainable forest management and the ecosystem approach, aim at promoting conservation and management practices Forest maintaing ecological balance are environmentally, socially and economically sustainable, and which generate and maintain benefits for both present and future generations.
Certified wood Growing environmental awareness and consumer demand for more socially responsible businesses helped third-party forest certification emerge in the s as a credible tool for communicating the environmental and social performance of forest operations.
There are many potential users of certification, including: With third-party forest certificationan independent organization develops standards of good forest management, and independent auditors issue certificates to forest operations that comply with those standards.
Forest certification verifies that forests are well-managed — as defined by a particular standard — and chain-of-custody certification tracks wood and paper products from the certified forest through processing to the point of sale. This rise of certification led to the emergence of several different systems throughout the world.
As a result, there is no single accepted forest management standard worldwide, and each system takes a somewhat different approach in defining standards for sustainable forest management.
The largest certification systems now generally have the same structural programmatic requirements. Incorporating third-party certification into forest product procurement practices can be a centerpiece for comprehensive wood and paper policies that include factors such as the protection of sensitive forest values, thoughtful material selection and efficient use of products.
Globally, the two largest umbrella certification programs are: A significant barrier for many forest managers in developing countries is that they lack the capacity to undergo a certification audit and maintain operations to a certification standard.
UN-REDD participants Forest Carbon Partnership Facility participants participants in both Although a majority of forests continue to be owned formally by government, the effectiveness of forest governance is increasingly independent of formal ownership. Thus, decentralization of management offers an alternative solution to forest governance.
The major key to effective decentralization is increased broad-based participation in local-public decision making. Inthe World Bank report reveals that local government knows the needs and desires of their constituents better than the national government, while at the same time, it is easier to hold local leaders accountable.
They are often short of resources, may be staffed by people with low education and are sometimes captured by local elites who promote clientelist relation rather than democratic participation.
Broadly speaking, the goal of forest conservation has historically not been met when, in contrast with land use changes; driven by demand for food, fuel and profit.
Genetic diversity in forests also contributes to tree vitality and to the resilience towards pests and diseases. Furthermore, FGR has a crucial role in maintaining forest biological diversity at both species and ecosystem levels.
Considering the provenance is crucial as well. For example in relation to climate change, local material may not have the genetic diversity or phenotypic plasticity to guarantee good performance under changed conditions.
A different population from further away, which may have experienced selection under conditions more like those forecast for the site to be reforestedmight represent a more suitable seed source.What role do plants play in ecological balance? Ask New Question. Angelica Alexander, Environmental Science Student.
Answered May 17, Plants are the primary food source in an ecosystem. The balance of gaseous component of atmosphere is maintained by the plants. Sustainable forest management is the management of forests according to the principles of sustainable development.
Sustainable forest management has to keep the balance between three main pillars: ecological, economic and socio-cultural.
Successfully achieving sustainable forest management will provide integrated benefits to all, . The Roles of Biodiversity in Creating and Maintaining the Ecosphere By Ted Mosquin This is a revised and updated text of: " A Conceptual Framework for the Ecological Functions of Biodiversity," Global Biodiversity, , vol.
4(3): To fully integrate human and ecosystem dynamics, urban ecological scholars should integrate mass-balance studies with empirical studies of ecosystem responses on urban–rural gradients [27, 13•, 4••].
We also need to expand our observations and measurements to assess differential effects associated with alternative patterns of urbanization. Explain the role of forest in maintaining the balance between oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere?
2, 0, 0 Forests therefore have an important ecological function in fixing and storing carbon from the atmosphere. Increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere appears to be one of the factors leading to observed. The Ecological Importance of Predators predators, fluctuations in their Preserving the Balance of Ecosystemsabundance can have a corresponding effect on the surrounding.