Imaginary creatures Gargoyles combining several animals are also referred to as chimeras The materials used for the earliest Gargoyles were made of wood or even terracotta but early Medieval Gothic gargoyles were made of stone.
Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Examples Horror Films are unsettling films designed to frighten and panic, cause dread and alarm, and to invoke our hidden worst fears, often in a terrifying, shocking finale, while captivating and entertaining us at the same time in a cathartic experience.
Horror films effectively center on the dark side of life, the forbidden, and strange and alarming events. They deal with our most primal nature and its fears: Whatever dark, primitive, and revolting traits that simultaneously attract and repel us are featured in the horror genre. Horror films are often combined with science fiction when the menace or monster is related to a corruption of technology, or when Earth is threatened by aliens.
Horror films are also known as chillers, scary movies, spookfests, and the macabre. Introduction to Horror Films Genre: Horror films go back as far as the onset of films themselves, over a years ago.
From our earliest days, we use our vivid imaginations to see ghosts in shadowy shapes, to be emotionally connected to the unknown Gothic elements in the short stories to fear things that are improbable. Watching a horror film gives an opening into that scary world, into an outlet for the essence of fear itself, without actually being in danger.
Horror films, when done well and with less reliance on horrifying special effects, can be extremely potent film forms, tapping into our dream states and the horror of the irrational and unknown, and the horror within man himself. The best horror films only imply or suggest the horror in subtle ways, rather than blatantly displaying it, i.
In horror films, the irrational forces of chaos or horror invariably need to be defeated, and often these films end with a return to normalcy and victory over the monstrous. Of necessity, the earliest horror films were Gothic in style - meaning that they were usually set in spooky old mansions, castles, or fog-shrouded, dark and shadowy locales.
Horror films developed out of a number of sources: Moreau were adapted into early film versions. In many ways, the expressionistic German silent cinema led the world in films of horror and the supernatural, and established its cinematic vocabulary and style.
Many of the early silent classics would be remade during the talkies era. The Earliest Horror Films: Vampires VampsMonsters, and More The vampire character has been one of the most ubiquitous in the history of cinema, extending from the earliest days of cinema to present-day manifestations.
Dark, primitive, and revolting characters that simultaneously attract and repel us formed the irresistible heart of big-screen vampire tales. At first, bloodsuckers leeches and vampire bats intrigued and frightened people from cultures around the world. Demonic or supernatural possession was often juxtaposed with blood-drinking, sex, and corpses.
Many religions, myths, folk-tales and cults espoused the idea of obtaining the life-essence from blood — in its extreme was the practice of cannibalism. It has become the most popular, influential and preeminent source material for many vampire films.
In the French silent film serial with ten chapters Les VampiresFr. Caligari from director Robert Wiene, about a ghost-like hypnotist-therapist in a carnival named Dr. Caligari Werner Kraus who calls pale-skinned, lanky, black leotard-wearing Cesare Conrad Veidt, later known for his portrayal as Major Strasser in Casablancahis performing somnambulist and haunted murdererfrom a state of sleep.
It was brought to Hollywood in the s, and later influenced the classic period of horror films in the s - introducing many standard horror film conventions. As with many classic films i. Until recently, the lost Hungarian film Drakula halalaHung.
The first genuine vampire picture was also produced by a European filmmaker - director F. Because of copyright problems, the vampire was named Nosferatu rather than Dracula, and the action was moved from Transylvania to Bremen. There were many attempts to copy or remake the film.
At the turn of the century, Shadow of the Vampire fancifully retold the making of the classic, with John Malkovich as obsessive director F.
It asked the question: Wegener directed the first of his influential adaptations of the Golem legend by Gustav Meyrinck - Der GolemGer. He remade the film a third time, with Karl Freund as cinematographer, again titling it Der GolemGer.
The man-made, clay creature roamed through the Jewish ghetto of medieval Prague to protect it from persecution. The earliest horror pictures were one-reel or full length features, many of which were produced in the US from to the early s, making the horror genre one of the oldest and most basic.
Many of them are now-forgotten "vamp" pictures featuring devilish, captivating ladies.The Dark Side of the Cross: Flannery O'Connor's Short Fiction by Patrick Galloway. Introduction. To the uninitiated, the writing of Flannery O'Connor can seem at once cold and dispassionate, as well as almost absurdly stark and violent.
Madness is another element common to the Gothic fiction of Edgar Allan Poe and appears in almost all of his most widely read short stories including the Tell Tale Heart and The Cask of Amontillado to name a few.
For instance, although in “Ligea" the character of Ligea is describes in glowing terms, it is implied that her “passions" are something like madness. This webpage is for Dr.
Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.
A summary of “The Fall of the House of Usher” () in Edgar Allan Poe's Poe’s Short Stories. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Poe’s Short Stories and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Searle, John (). American philosopher. Expanding on the work of J.L.
Austin, Searle's Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language () treats all communication as instances of the performance of speech acts.
In Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind () and The Rediscovery of the Mind () Searle emphasizes the irreducibility of consciousness and intentionality to. The passage from Romanesque to Gothic in architecture is marked by the increasing height of buildings, the appearance of the pointed arch, the slimming down of bulk and the growing complexity of ribbing.